Royal Institute and Observatory of the Navy
The Royal Institute and Observatory of the Navy offers a guided tour of the facilities.
touring the areas of astronomy, geophysics, time laboratory, astronomical ephemeris, seismology and library.
Located in the municipality of San Fernando, the Royal Institute and Observatory of the Navy is the oldest astronomical observatory in Spain and the fourth in the world. Founded in 1753 by Jorge Juan, in this center the official time of Spain is established, being one of the most important scientific centers in the world.
Among its fields of research it is worth highlighting the Hour Section, which consists of a battery of atomic clocks, which, since its installation in 1973, establish and maintain the Coordinated Universal Time Scale (U.T.C.-R.O.A.)
It is also interesting to mention the Geophysics Section, which has been operating continuously since 1879.
Since the founding of the Observatory, the Astronomy Section has had the mission of carrying out observations and theoretical studies of the positions of stars and stars in the solar system. At first those that were necessary for the publication of the Nautical Almanac and the Astronomical Ephemeris and later, as its objectives expanded, all those that were possible to carry out with its instruments and working methods, mainly those recommended by the International Astronomical Union.
The Astronomy Section is divided into three services: Wide Field Astrometry, Solar Astronomy and Meridian Astrometry.
This center is the first geomagnetic observatory in Spain, so it also has a seismological station.
The Observatory Library is made up of more than 30,000 volumes and has 4 incunabula in its inventory. It also has a huge historical and cultural heritage, with an important archival and bibliographic collection.
Monday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
Arrange the visit previously.
Duration: 2 hours 15 minutes
Street: Cecilio Pujazón, s / n
Postal code: 11100
Municipality: San Fernando